Q&A with Meteorologist Rob Carolan (Repost from NH Business Review)

(The following article originally appeared in the September 2nd edition of New Hampshire Business Review)

Q&A with Meteorologist Rob Carolan

Season’s First `Significant’ Snow Forecast for Chicago, Midwest

(This article originally appeared on Bloomberg.com)

The Midwest’s first snow of the season threatens to drop as much as 6 inches (15 centimeters) on Chicago through Saturday.

The storm was coming together Friday over eastern Wyoming and will move east before sweeping up the St. Lawrence River in Canada, where it should die out, said Rob Carolan, a meteorologist with Hometown Forecast Services Inc. in Nashua, New Hampshire. There may be flurries in northern New York State, while Manhattan remains untouched.

“It jets off to the east very quickly,” Carolan said. “A pretty good swath of snow could fall from eastern Nebraska up into Iowa and Michigan.”

This is “the first significant” snowfall across the central U.S., with 4 to 8 inches forecast for a large section of the country from Nebraska to Michigan and even more in some areas, the National Weather Service said. Winter storm warnings, advisories and watches stretch from Idaho to Michigan, including Chicago.

After the storm crosses the Great Lakes, it will start “to fizzle out,” Carolan said. That reduces the threat of any measurable snow in Toronto.

Winter storm and snow-squall watches have been posted by Environment Canada for parts of Ontario bordering lakes Superior and Huron. Toronto could have a mix of rain showers and flurries through Monday. Rain is forecast for Montreal on Sunday.

Carolan said light snow could fall in northern New York and New England from the storm.

The current forecast for next week’s U.S. Thanksgiving holiday calls for mild weather in the East and the potential for some rain along the parts of the West Coast, he said.

Tropical Storm Joaquin Tough to Forecast Off U.S. East Coast

This article originally appeared on Bloomberg.com

Forecasters are watching Tropical Storm Joaquin as it strengthens in the Atlantic near the Bahamas to see if it will become a threat to the U.S. East Coast later this week.

Joaquin was about 425 miles (685 kilometers) east-northeast of the northwestern Bahamas with winds of 45 miles per hour, up from 40 mph, as of 11 a.m. East Coast time, the National Hurricane Center said in an advisory. It was moving west at 5 mph.

Storm shown in photo taken by NOAA satellite Sept. 29, 2015, east of Bahamas.
Storm shown in photo taken by NOAA satellite Sept. 29, 2015, east of Bahamas.

The storm has become better organized and will be entering an area of low wind shear that will allow it to strengthen further. The current forecast calls for it to have top winds of 70 mph by Friday, just below the threshold for a hurricane.

“The NHC wind speed predictions may be conservative, since some guidance suggests that Joaquin could become a hurricane in a few days,” Senior Hurricane SpecialistRichard Pasch wrote in the center’s forecast analysis.

Track Outlook

Joaquin is the 10th storm of the six-month Atlantic hurricane season that ends on Nov. 30. Current track outlooks call for it to move west toward the Bahamas, then parallel to the U.S. East Coast and be off the North Carolina coastline by Sunday.

Earlier, meteorologists at the center said computer forecast models are having trouble determining the strength of a low-pressure trough that is predicted to set up over the southeastern U.S. This weather pattern will help control where Joaquin will go.

How strong and well-organized Joaquin is will also determine its path and how it moves.

 “I think you are going to see a lot of run-to-run disparity in the models,” said Rob Carolan, a meteorologist at Hometown Forecast Services Inc. in Nashua, New Hampshire.

Mixed Scenarios

Monday, some models called for the storm to drive itself into the East Coast. Carolan said that prediction has since faded. “Anyone who says they have any confidence in where it is going to go is lying to you.”

Another possibility is for a frontal system moving across the eastern U.S. to absorb Joaquin and destroy it.

What is likely is that the U.S. Northeast, including New York, will get drenched from “fire-hose precipitation,” Carolan said. This will be in addition to heavy rain falling on the area from other weather systems through Wednesday.

Through the next week, nearly 8 inches (20 centimeters) of rain is forecast to fall across northern New England, and about 7 inches in southern New York and northern New Jersey, the U.S. Weather Prediction Center said.

“I don’t think Joaquin ends up being a wind event; I think the big concern is the rain,” Carolan said.

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