Severe Outbreak Possible in the East, Tropical Trouble in the Gulf?

The weather will become quite active across both the East and the Gulf later this weekend and into early next week.

A strong cold front will slowly make its way eastward this weekend, likely reaching the East Coast Sunday night. Ahead of the front, with a warm, humid airmass in place, showers and thunderstorms will develop, some of which will become strong to severe. Widespread severe weather isn’t expected on Saturday, but there is a risk for some strong to severe storms from the Great Lakes into the Ohio Valley. ┬áSunday will be a different story. The ingredients will be in place for a severe weather outbreak from the Mid-Atlantic states into the Carolinas.

GFS forecast of Lifted Index values for Sunday afternoon. Image provided by Pivotal Weather
GFS forecast of Lifted Index values for Sunday afternoon. Image provided by Pivotal Weather
GFS forecast of CAPE values for Sunday afternoon. Image provided by Pivotal Weather
GFS forecast of CAPE values for Sunday afternoon. Image provided by Pivotal Weather

As temperatures rise into the 80s to lower 90s, the airmass will become increasingly unstable. CAPE, which is short for Convective Available Potential Energy, is a measure of instability through the atmosphere. CAPE values of 1000-3000 J/kg are expected from the Delmarva Peninsula into the Carolinas Sunday afternoon. These values are indicative of moderate instability in the atmosphere. The “Lifted Index” is the difference in temperature between the atmosphere at 500mb (about 18,000 feet) and a parcel of air from the surface that is lifted to 500mb. A negative value is indicative of unstable conditions. On Sunday, forecast models are showing values between -4 and -9 across the Mid-Atlantic states.

While Sunday may start off cloudy with showers across parts of the region, breaks of sunshine should develop by early afternoon, with showers and thunderstorms developing along the eastern slopes of the Appalachians. Thunderstorm activity will likely organize into a line that will march eastward, reaching the Washington/Baltimore area by late afternoon, and the Richmond/Norfolk area towards evening. The main threats with any storms that do develop are strong winds, hail, and heavy downpours, with a few tornadoes also possible.

Meanwhile, Tropical Storm Bonnie has redeveloped east of North Carolina this evening. As of 5pm Friday, Bonnie was centered about 285 miles east of Cape Hatteras, NC, moving towards the east at 13 mph. Maximum sustained winds are near 40 mph. Bonnie is expected to head out into the open waters of the Atlantic over the weekend while steadily weakening.

Satellite loop of Tropical Storm Bonnie from Friday afternoon. Loop provided by NOAA.
Satellite loop of Tropical Storm Bonnie from Friday afternoon. Loop provided by NOAA.

 

While June is usually quiet in the tropics, another area of disturbed weather in the western Caribbean is being monitored for development this weekend. A cluster of showers and thunderstorms will head towards the Yucatan Peninsula this weekend and then turn more towards the north and head into the Gulf of Mexico. For several days now, forecast models have been indicating that this system could become a tropical depression or tropical storm over the Gulf early next week.

Computer model forecasts for the strength of a potential tropical system in the Gulf of Mexico. Image provided by Tropical Tidbits
Computer model forecasts for the strength of a potential tropical system in the Gulf of Mexico. Image provided by Tropical Tidbits
Computer model forecasts for the track of a potential tropical system in the Gulf of Mexico. Image provided by Tropical Tidbits
Computer model forecasts for the track of a potential tropical system in the Gulf of Mexico. Image provided by Tropical Tidbits

Most forecasts are for the storm to turn more toward the northeast early next week and cross the Florida Peninsula as a tropical depression or weak tropical storm. While winds aren’t expected to be strong, the main impact will be heavy rainfall. The storm could drop as much as 4-8 inches of rain on the Sunshine State next week, especially the southern half of the state. Heavy rain fell on portions of the region during May, so additional heavy rain could lead to flooding in parts of the area.

 

Back to top